Cotyledon pendens - Cliff Cotyledon
Cotyledon pendens - Cliff Cotyledon
Cotyledon pendens - Cliff Cotyledon
Cotyledon pendens - Cliff Cotyledon
Cotyledon pendens - Cliff Cotyledon
Cotyledon pendens - Cliff Cotyledon
Cotyledon pendens - Cliff Cotyledon
Cotyledon pendens - Cliff Cotyledon
Cotyledon pendens - Cliff Cotyledon
Cotyledon pendens - Cliff Cotyledon

Introducing the cliff cotyledon, known as Cotyledon Pendens, a vibrant member of the Cotyledon genus and Crassulaceae family; and is good for hanging baskets. Native to South Africa, it is named "Cliff Cotyledon" because of its shape and its natural habitat preference for rocky cliffs and slopes. In the wild, you can often find this trailing plant growing on the edges of cliffs or hanging from rocky ledges, where it receives full sun and summer rainfall. 

Cotyledon pendens is a branched, succulent shrublet with teardrop-shaped leaves on dense, trailing stems that branch from nodes and can grow up to 2 feet long. As they mature, the stems become woody with brownish bark. When grown in direct sunlight, the powdery, glaucous coating on the light green leaves turns bright red around the edges. They are attached to the stem with a short petiole and initially sparsely covered with glandular hairs, but become hairless as they mature, giving them a smooth surface. 

When it comes to flowering, this species Cotyledon Pendens produces small, tubular bell-shaped flowers that hang down from the stems during summer. The flowers are typically orange red in color and can add a beautiful splash of color to the plant. However, it's worth noting that flowering in this species is relatively rare when grown indoors. 

Propagation of Cotyledon Pendens can be done through stem cuttings. All you have to do is take a healthy stem cutting, let it callus and dry for a few days, and then plant it in well-drained soil. With proper care, the cutting will develop roots and grow into a new Cotyledon plant. 

Watering Needs 

When it comes to watering your Cotyledon pendens, they are adapted to survive in arid environments, so they don't need frequent water supply as other houseplants. When you do water your Cotyledon plant, make sure to give it a thorough soak. 

In the spring and early summer, during the growing season, water is deep enough to allow excess water to drain through the drainage holes, and then allow the soil to completely dry before watering again. Avoid leaving the plant sitting in standing water, as this wet soil can also lead to root rot. It's better to err on the side of underwatering because overwatering can cause root rot and other problems. A good rule of thumb is to water your Cotyledon pendens when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. 

In the late summer, during the dormant phase, you'll want to reduce the frequency of watering. It requires less water during this time, so adjust your watering schedule accordingly. 

Light Requirements 

When it comes to growing Cotyledon pendens cliff cotyledon indoors, it thrives in bright, indirect light. Place it near a sunny window or under a grow light, where it can receive plenty of bright light throughout the day. However, be cautious of placing it in direct sunlight, as the intense rays can scorch the leaves. If you notice that your Cotyledon pendens plant is stretching or leaning towards the light, it may be an indication that it needs more light. 

If growing Cotyledon pendens outdoors, it prefers partial shade to full sun. It can tolerate a few hours of direct sunlight in the morning or late afternoon, but it's best to provide some shade during the hottest part of the day. If you live in a region with intense summer heat, providing some afternoon shade can help protect your Cotyledon succulent from sunburn. 

Remember, the light requirements of Cotyledon pendens may vary depending on your specific climate and the conditions in your home or garden. It's always a good idea to observe your Cotyledon plant and make adjustments accordingly. 

Optimal Soil & Fertilizer 

Cotyledon pendens favors very airy, sandy soil that drains well. Planting them in ordinary porous soil without good drainage will result in compacted roots, stunted growth, and most likely root rot. Instead, make or buy a well-draining succulent soil, or ideally use our specialized succulent potting mix that contains 5 natural substrates and mycorrhizae to promote the development of a strong root system that helps your Cotyledon succulent to thrive. 

Like other succulents, Cotyledon Pendens doesn't require frequent feeding or any ordinary fertilizer. During the active growing season, which is typically spring, you can fertilize the plant once a year. Use a balanced (5-10-5), water-soluble NPK fertilizer specifically formulated for succulents. Follow the instructions for the proper dilution ratio. 

Remember, it's important not to over-fertilize succulents, as this can lead to excessive growth and weak stems. Always err on the side of caution and use a diluted fertilizer solution. During the winter months, when Cotyledon pendens is in its dormant phase, you can reduce or even stop fertilizing altogether. By providing well-draining soil and occasional fertilization, you can help ensure that your Cotyledon Pendens remains healthy and happy. 

Hardiness Zone & More 

When growing Cotyledon pendens indoors, it is important to maintain a temperature range of around 60-75°F. It prefers average room temperatures and can tolerate slightly cooler temperatures at night. Avoid exposing it to extreme temperature fluctuations or drafts, as this can stress the Cotyledon pendens plant. 

Cotyledon Pendens is quite adaptable and can tolerate lower temperatures and average indoor humidity levels. However, it does appreciate some humidity, especially during drier winter months or in arid climates. You can increase humidity around the plant by placing a tray of water nearby or using a humidifier. 

If you are living in USDA zones 9-11, you can grow your Cotyledon pendens outdoors year-round. It thrives in temperatures ranging from 65-85°F. If you live in a colder climate, it's best to keep Cotyledon Pendens indoors or provide it with protection during frost, if the temperature drops below 20 F. Cotyledon Pendens can tolerate a wide range of humidity levels. It can adapt to both dry and humid environments, making it a versatile choice for outdoor gardens in various climates. 

The Bottom Line 

Overall, the Cotyledon pendens is a unique and eye-catching succulent plant. With its trailing stems and fleshy, teardrop-shaped leaves, it adds a touch of whimsy to any space or in a hanging basket. This Cotyledon plant is relatively low maintenance, making it a great choice for both beginner and experienced plant enthusiasts. It thrives in full sunlight to partial shade and prefers well-draining soil. When it comes to watering, it's best to allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering again to prevent root rot. Additionally, you can grow it outdoors year-round in USDA zones 9-11. Overall, with the right care and attention, Cotyledon Pendens can be a beautiful and rewarding addition to your indoor or outdoor plant collection. 

Bloom Season Summer
Botanical Name Cotyledon pendens
Common Name Cliff Cotyledon
Dormancy summer
Family Crassulaceae
Flower Color Orange red
Genus Cotyledon
Growth Habit Trailing, hanging
Growth Rate Slow
Hardiness Zone 9, 10, 11
Mature Size 2 ft. long
Native Area South Africa
Plant Type Evergreen succulent
Propagation By cuttings, seeds
Resistance Drought tolerant, pest resistance, heat tolerant
Soil PH 6.5, Acidic, Neutral
Soil Type Succulents potting mix soil
Special Features Round green leaves (red edges)
Sun Exposure Full sun, partial shade
Toxicity Mildly toxic for humanss, mildly toxic for pets
Watering Needs Low

Pests & Common Problems of Cotyledon pendens

Cotyledon pendens is generally a hardy plant, but like any other plant, it can face certain pests and common problems. Here are some common pests and problems that you may encounter with Cotyledon Pendens: 

Mealybugs: These small, white, cottony insects can infest the plant, especially in warm and humid conditions. They feed on the sap, causing stunted growth and yellowing leaves. Use a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol to remove them or consider using an organic insecticidal soap. 

Aphids: These tiny, soft-bodied insects can cluster on the new growth of the Cotyledon plant, sucking sap and causing distorted leaves. You can spray them off with a strong stream of water or use insecticidal soap. 

Root Rot: Overwatering or poor drainage can cause root rot, which turns the roots mushy and black. To prevent this, make sure the plant is in well-drained soil and allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering again. 

Leaf Drop: If your Cotyledon Pendens starts dropping leaves, it may be a sign of stress. This can be caused by overwatering, underwatering, or sudden temperature changes. Make sure to provide consistent watering and avoid exposing the plant to extreme temperature fluctuations. 

Sunburn: While Cotyledon Pendens enjoys bright light, direct sunlight can cause sunburn on its leaves. If you notice brown or yellow spots on the leaves, move the plant to a spot with indirect sunlight or provide the plant pot with some shade during the hottest part of the day. 

Remember, prevention is key when it comes to pests and problems. Providing the right growing conditions, such as well-draining soil, proper watering, and adequate light, can help keep your beautiful succulents Cotyledon Pendens healthy and pest-free. If you notice any issues, take prompt action to address them and keep an eye on your plant's overall health. 

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Are Cotyledon Pendens indoor or outdoor plants?

    Cotyledon Pendens can be grown both indoors and outdoors, depending on your preference and climate. It is a versatile plant that can adapt to different environments. If you choose to grow it indoors, make sure to place it in a spot with bright, indirect light. If you decide to grow it outdoors, ensure that it is protected from direct sunlight and extreme temperatures below 20 F. Overall, as long as you provide the right conditions and care, Cotyledon Pendens can thrive both indoors and outdoors.

  • How do you make Cotyledon Pendens bloom?

    To encourage blooming in your Cotyledon Pendens plant, make sure it gets enough sunlight. Place it in a spot where it can receive bright, indirect light for several hours a day. Additionally, provides a well-draining soil mix specifically designed for succulents. Water the plant thoroughly but allow the soil to dry out between waterings to prevent overwatering. During the growing season, you can fertilize your plant with a balanced (5-10-5), diluted NPK fertilizer to provide essential nutrients. Be patient and give your plant time to mature. With proper care and patience, you may see your Cotyledon Pendens bloom and enjoy its beautiful flowers.

  • How big do Cotyledon Pendens get?

    Cotyledon Pendens can grow up to about 2 feet long. This natural beauty has trailing stems that can spread out and create a cascading effect, making it a beautiful addition to hanging baskets or elevated planters. The size and growth of the plant can also be influenced by factors such as the age of the plant, growing conditions, and care provided. With proper care, this succulent can thrive and add a touch of greenery to your space.

  • How do you care for Cotyledon pendens?

    When caring for this low-maintenance Cotyledon Pendens, keep in mind a few things.


    Place in bright, indirect light indoors or provide full sun to partial shade outdoors for 4-6 hours daily.

    Water sparingly and avoid overwatering during the dormant season. Let the top inch of soil dry out in between watering.

    Keep indoor temperatures between 60-75°F.

    Use well-draining soil specifically formulated for succulents.

    Feed the plants with a balanced (5-10-5), diluted NPK fertilizer during the growing season in the spring.

    Trim leggy branches or overgrown stems to maintain a compact shape.

    Easily propagate from stem cuttings.

    Watch out for common succulent pests like mealybugs, spider mites, and scale insects.

    If you are living outside of USDA zones 9-11, protect from frost.

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Cotyledon pendens - Cliff Cotyledon

sku: 1685

3 reviews
Regular price$ 12.00
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Please note: Our large plants are many years old, and as a result, they might have minor scaring but will arrive 100% healthy and looking great.

Please note: Our large plants are shipped bare root. They are also many years old, and as a result, they might have minor scaring but will arrive healthy and looking great.

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Any plant that is 6" and larger WILL NOT come with a pot as it will be shipped bare root.

Depending on the species and season, you will receive a very similar plant to the one in the picture. It may or may not be blooming at the time of your purchase.

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Care instructions are included in every package you order. Please allow us up to 3 business days to process your order. Depending on your location, we will ship the plants on a certain day to avoid transit time during weekends or holidays. If you wish to receive your order on a specific date, or have special instructions, please add a note on your order. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to contact us at any time.

  • Description
  • Key Plant Features

Introducing the cliff cotyledon, known as Cotyledon Pendens, a vibrant member of the Cotyledon genus and Crassulaceae family; and is good for hanging baskets. Native to South Africa, it is named "Cliff Cotyledon" because of its shape and its natural habitat preference for rocky cliffs and slopes. In the wild, you can often find this trailing plant growing on the edges of cliffs or hanging from rocky ledges, where it receives full sun and summer rainfall. 

Cotyledon pendens is a branched, succulent shrublet with teardrop-shaped leaves on dense, trailing stems that branch from nodes and can grow up to 2 feet long. As they mature, the stems become woody with brownish bark. When grown in direct sunlight, the powdery, glaucous coating on the light green leaves turns bright red around the edges. They are attached to the stem with a short petiole and initially sparsely covered with glandular hairs, but become hairless as they mature, giving them a smooth surface. 

When it comes to flowering, this species Cotyledon Pendens produces small, tubular bell-shaped flowers that hang down from the stems during summer. The flowers are typically orange red in color and can add a beautiful splash of color to the plant. However, it's worth noting that flowering in this species is relatively rare when grown indoors. 

Propagation of Cotyledon Pendens can be done through stem cuttings. All you have to do is take a healthy stem cutting, let it callus and dry for a few days, and then plant it in well-drained soil. With proper care, the cutting will develop roots and grow into a new Cotyledon plant. 

Watering Needs 

When it comes to watering your Cotyledon pendens, they are adapted to survive in arid environments, so they don't need frequent water supply as other houseplants. When you do water your Cotyledon plant, make sure to give it a thorough soak. 

In the spring and early summer, during the growing season, water is deep enough to allow excess water to drain through the drainage holes, and then allow the soil to completely dry before watering again. Avoid leaving the plant sitting in standing water, as this wet soil can also lead to root rot. It's better to err on the side of underwatering because overwatering can cause root rot and other problems. A good rule of thumb is to water your Cotyledon pendens when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. 

In the late summer, during the dormant phase, you'll want to reduce the frequency of watering. It requires less water during this time, so adjust your watering schedule accordingly. 

Light Requirements 

When it comes to growing Cotyledon pendens cliff cotyledon indoors, it thrives in bright, indirect light. Place it near a sunny window or under a grow light, where it can receive plenty of bright light throughout the day. However, be cautious of placing it in direct sunlight, as the intense rays can scorch the leaves. If you notice that your Cotyledon pendens plant is stretching or leaning towards the light, it may be an indication that it needs more light. 

If growing Cotyledon pendens outdoors, it prefers partial shade to full sun. It can tolerate a few hours of direct sunlight in the morning or late afternoon, but it's best to provide some shade during the hottest part of the day. If you live in a region with intense summer heat, providing some afternoon shade can help protect your Cotyledon succulent from sunburn. 

Remember, the light requirements of Cotyledon pendens may vary depending on your specific climate and the conditions in your home or garden. It's always a good idea to observe your Cotyledon plant and make adjustments accordingly. 

Optimal Soil & Fertilizer 

Cotyledon pendens favors very airy, sandy soil that drains well. Planting them in ordinary porous soil without good drainage will result in compacted roots, stunted growth, and most likely root rot. Instead, make or buy a well-draining succulent soil, or ideally use our specialized succulent potting mix that contains 5 natural substrates and mycorrhizae to promote the development of a strong root system that helps your Cotyledon succulent to thrive. 

Like other succulents, Cotyledon Pendens doesn't require frequent feeding or any ordinary fertilizer. During the active growing season, which is typically spring, you can fertilize the plant once a year. Use a balanced (5-10-5), water-soluble NPK fertilizer specifically formulated for succulents. Follow the instructions for the proper dilution ratio. 

Remember, it's important not to over-fertilize succulents, as this can lead to excessive growth and weak stems. Always err on the side of caution and use a diluted fertilizer solution. During the winter months, when Cotyledon pendens is in its dormant phase, you can reduce or even stop fertilizing altogether. By providing well-draining soil and occasional fertilization, you can help ensure that your Cotyledon Pendens remains healthy and happy. 

Hardiness Zone & More 

When growing Cotyledon pendens indoors, it is important to maintain a temperature range of around 60-75°F. It prefers average room temperatures and can tolerate slightly cooler temperatures at night. Avoid exposing it to extreme temperature fluctuations or drafts, as this can stress the Cotyledon pendens plant. 

Cotyledon Pendens is quite adaptable and can tolerate lower temperatures and average indoor humidity levels. However, it does appreciate some humidity, especially during drier winter months or in arid climates. You can increase humidity around the plant by placing a tray of water nearby or using a humidifier. 

If you are living in USDA zones 9-11, you can grow your Cotyledon pendens outdoors year-round. It thrives in temperatures ranging from 65-85°F. If you live in a colder climate, it's best to keep Cotyledon Pendens indoors or provide it with protection during frost, if the temperature drops below 20 F. Cotyledon Pendens can tolerate a wide range of humidity levels. It can adapt to both dry and humid environments, making it a versatile choice for outdoor gardens in various climates. 

The Bottom Line 

Overall, the Cotyledon pendens is a unique and eye-catching succulent plant. With its trailing stems and fleshy, teardrop-shaped leaves, it adds a touch of whimsy to any space or in a hanging basket. This Cotyledon plant is relatively low maintenance, making it a great choice for both beginner and experienced plant enthusiasts. It thrives in full sunlight to partial shade and prefers well-draining soil. When it comes to watering, it's best to allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering again to prevent root rot. Additionally, you can grow it outdoors year-round in USDA zones 9-11. Overall, with the right care and attention, Cotyledon Pendens can be a beautiful and rewarding addition to your indoor or outdoor plant collection. 

Bloom Season Summer
Botanical Name Cotyledon pendens
Common Name Cliff Cotyledon
Dormancy summer
Family Crassulaceae
Flower Color Orange red
Genus Cotyledon
Growth Habit Trailing, hanging
Growth Rate Slow
Hardiness Zone 9, 10, 11
Mature Size 2 ft. long
Native Area South Africa
Plant Type Evergreen succulent
Propagation By cuttings, seeds
Resistance Drought tolerant, pest resistance, heat tolerant
Soil PH 6.5, Acidic, Neutral
Soil Type Succulents potting mix soil
Special Features Round green leaves (red edges)
Sun Exposure Full sun, partial shade
Toxicity Mildly toxic for humanss, mildly toxic for pets
Watering Needs Low

Pests & Common Problems of Cotyledon pendens

Cotyledon pendens is generally a hardy plant, but like any other plant, it can face certain pests and common problems. Here are some common pests and problems that you may encounter with Cotyledon Pendens: 

Mealybugs: These small, white, cottony insects can infest the plant, especially in warm and humid conditions. They feed on the sap, causing stunted growth and yellowing leaves. Use a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol to remove them or consider using an organic insecticidal soap. 

Aphids: These tiny, soft-bodied insects can cluster on the new growth of the Cotyledon plant, sucking sap and causing distorted leaves. You can spray them off with a strong stream of water or use insecticidal soap. 

Root Rot: Overwatering or poor drainage can cause root rot, which turns the roots mushy and black. To prevent this, make sure the plant is in well-drained soil and allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering again. 

Leaf Drop: If your Cotyledon Pendens starts dropping leaves, it may be a sign of stress. This can be caused by overwatering, underwatering, or sudden temperature changes. Make sure to provide consistent watering and avoid exposing the plant to extreme temperature fluctuations. 

Sunburn: While Cotyledon Pendens enjoys bright light, direct sunlight can cause sunburn on its leaves. If you notice brown or yellow spots on the leaves, move the plant to a spot with indirect sunlight or provide the plant pot with some shade during the hottest part of the day. 

Remember, prevention is key when it comes to pests and problems. Providing the right growing conditions, such as well-draining soil, proper watering, and adequate light, can help keep your beautiful succulents Cotyledon Pendens healthy and pest-free. If you notice any issues, take prompt action to address them and keep an eye on your plant's overall health. 

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Are Cotyledon Pendens indoor or outdoor plants?

    Cotyledon Pendens can be grown both indoors and outdoors, depending on your preference and climate. It is a versatile plant that can adapt to different environments. If you choose to grow it indoors, make sure to place it in a spot with bright, indirect light. If you decide to grow it outdoors, ensure that it is protected from direct sunlight and extreme temperatures below 20 F. Overall, as long as you provide the right conditions and care, Cotyledon Pendens can thrive both indoors and outdoors.

  • How do you make Cotyledon Pendens bloom?

    To encourage blooming in your Cotyledon Pendens plant, make sure it gets enough sunlight. Place it in a spot where it can receive bright, indirect light for several hours a day. Additionally, provides a well-draining soil mix specifically designed for succulents. Water the plant thoroughly but allow the soil to dry out between waterings to prevent overwatering. During the growing season, you can fertilize your plant with a balanced (5-10-5), diluted NPK fertilizer to provide essential nutrients. Be patient and give your plant time to mature. With proper care and patience, you may see your Cotyledon Pendens bloom and enjoy its beautiful flowers.

  • How big do Cotyledon Pendens get?

    Cotyledon Pendens can grow up to about 2 feet long. This natural beauty has trailing stems that can spread out and create a cascading effect, making it a beautiful addition to hanging baskets or elevated planters. The size and growth of the plant can also be influenced by factors such as the age of the plant, growing conditions, and care provided. With proper care, this succulent can thrive and add a touch of greenery to your space.

  • How do you care for Cotyledon pendens?

    When caring for this low-maintenance Cotyledon Pendens, keep in mind a few things.


    Place in bright, indirect light indoors or provide full sun to partial shade outdoors for 4-6 hours daily.

    Water sparingly and avoid overwatering during the dormant season. Let the top inch of soil dry out in between watering.

    Keep indoor temperatures between 60-75°F.

    Use well-draining soil specifically formulated for succulents.

    Feed the plants with a balanced (5-10-5), diluted NPK fertilizer during the growing season in the spring.

    Trim leggy branches or overgrown stems to maintain a compact shape.

    Easily propagate from stem cuttings.

    Watch out for common succulent pests like mealybugs, spider mites, and scale insects.

    If you are living outside of USDA zones 9-11, protect from frost.

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